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nwa§Xa (Purandar) {H$ëë`mMr C§Mr :  1500 _rQ>a
{H$ëë`mMm àH$ma : {JarXwJ© S>m|Jaam§J: nwUo
{Oëhm : nwUo loUr : gmonr
gømÐrÀ`m X{jUmoÎma ngaboë`m _yi am§JoVyZ H$mhr \$mQ>o nyd© {XeoH$S>o \w$Q>bo AmhoV. Ë`mn¡H$s EH$m \$mQ>çmda qghJS> Amho. VmoM \$mQ>m VgmM nyd}H$S>o AX_mgo 24 {H$. _r. YmdyZ ^wboœa Odi bmon nmdVmo. `mM S>m|Jaam§Joda nwa§Xa, dO«JS> dgbobm Amho. H$mÌO KmQ>, ~mnXod KmQ>, {Xdo KmQ> ho VrZ KmQ> Amobm§Sy>Z nwa§XaÀ`m nm`Ï`mer OmVm `oVo. {H$ëë`mbm Mm¡\o$a _mÀ`m AmhoV. {H$„m nwÊ`mÀ`m Am¾o` {Xeobm A§XmOo 20 _¡bm§da Va gmgdS>À`m Z¡F$Ë`obm 6 _¡bm§da Amho. JS>mÀ`m nyd}bm ~hþVm§er àXoe gnmQ> Amho Va npíM_obm S>m|Jami àXoe Amho. dm`ì`obm 13-14 _¡bm§da qghJS> Amho Va npíM_obm 19-20 _¡bm§da amOJS> Amho.

nwa§Xa {H$„m Vgm {dñVmamZo _moR>m Amho. {H$„m _O~yV AgyZ ~Mmdmbm OmJm CÎm_ Amho. JS>mda _moR>r {e~§Xr amhÿ eH$Vo. Xmê$Jmoim d YmÝ`mMm _moR>m gmR>m H$ê$Z JS> XrK©H$mi bT>dVm `oD$ eH$V Ago. EH$ ~mOy gmoS>br Va JS>mÀ`m BVa gd© ~mOy XwJ©_ AmhoV. JS>mdê$Z g^modmaÀ`m àXoemda ~marH$ ZOa R>odVm `oVo.

Purandar

Purandar
B{Vhmg :
Aë`mS> OoOwar

në`mS> gmoZmoar

_Ü`o dmhVo H$èhm

nwa§Xa emo^Vr {edemhrMm Vwam Ÿ&

Ago nwa§Xa {H$ëë`mMo dU©Z Ho$bobo AmT>iVo. nwa§XaÀ`m nm`Ï`mer Zmam`Unya ZmdmMo Jmd Amho. `m JmdmV `mXdH$mbrZ YmQ>UrMo _hmXodmMo _§{Xa Amho. `mdê$Z hm {H$„m gmYmaU 1000 Vo 1200 dfmªnyduMm Amho Ago AZw_mZ {ZKVo.

nwa§Xa åhUOo B§Ð. Á`mà_mUo B§ÐmMo ñWmZ ~bmT>ç VgmM hm nwa§Xa. nwamUmV `m S>m|JamMo Zmd Amho 'B§ÐZrb nd©V'. hZw_§VmZo ÐmoUm{Jar CMbyZ ZoV AgVmZm Ë`m nd©VmMm H$mhr ^mJ Imbr nS>bm, VmoM hm B§ÐZrb nd©V.

~hm_ZrH$mir ~oXaMo M§Ðg§nV Xoenm§S>o `m§Zr ~hm_Zr emgZmÀ`m dVrZo nwa§Xa Vmã`mV KoVbm. Ë`m§Zr nwa§XaÀ`m nwZ{Z©_m©Umg àma§^ Ho$bm. Ë`mM KamÊ`mVrb _hmXOr {ZiH$ÊR> `mZo H$gmoerZo ho H$m_ nyU© Ho$bo. `oWrb e|Xè`m ~wê$O ~m§YVmZm Vmo gmaIm T>mgiV Ago. Voìhm ~{haZmH$ gmoZZmH$ `mZo Amnbm nwÌ ZmWZmH$ Am{U gyZ XodH$mB© Aer XmoZ _wbo Ë`mV JmS>Ê`mgmR>r {Xbr. Ë`m§Mm ~ir KoVë`mdaM hm ~wê$O C^m am{hbm. hm {H$„m gZ 1489 À`m gw_mamg {ZOm_emhr gaXma _{bH$ Ah§_X `mZo qOHy$Z KoVbm. nwT>o eHo$ 1550 _Ü`o Vmo Am{XbemhrV Ambm.

B. g. 1649 _Ü`o Am{XbehmZo ehmOramOm§Zm H¡$XoV Q>mH$bo. `mM doir {edmOr _hmamOm§Zr AZoH$ Am{Xbemhr {H$„o Amnë`m Vmã`mV KoVbo. åhUyZ {edam`m§Mm ~§Xmo~ñV H$aÊ`mgmR>r Am{XbehmZo \$ÎmoImZmg admZm Ho$bo. n[apñWVr \$maM {~H$Q> hmoVr. EH$sH$S>o Amnbo dS>rb H¡$XoV hmoVo Va XwgarH$S>o \$ÎmoImZmÀ`m ñdmar_wio ñdamÁ` YmoŠ`mV `oUma hmoVo. _hmamOm§Zr `mdoir bT>mB©gmR>r nwa§Xa {H$ëë`mMr OmJm {ZdS>br. _mÌ `mdoir JS> _amR>çm§À`m Vmã`mV ZìhVm. _hmXOr {ZiH§$R>amd `m§À`m Vmã`mV {H$„m hmoVm. Ë`m§À`m ^mdm^mdm§_Yrb ^m§S>UmMm \$m`Xm CR>dyZ _hmamOm§Zr {H$ëë`mV àdoe H$aÊ`mV `e {_idbo. `m nwa§Xa {H$ëë`mÀ`m ghmæ`mZo _amR>çm§Zr \$ÎmoImZmer Pw§O {Xbr Am{U bT>mB© qOH$br. {edmOr _hmamOm§Zm `m n{hë`m bT>mB©VM _moR>o `e àmá Pmbo. gZ 1655 _Ü`o {edmOr amOm§Zr ZoVmOr nmbH$a `mg JS>mMm gaZm¡~V Zo_bo. d¡emI ew. 12 eHo$ 1579 åhUOoM 16 _o 1657 Jwédma `m {Xder g§^mOr amOm§Mm OÝ_ nwa§Xamda Pmbm. eHo$ 1587 åhUOoM 1665 _Ü`o _moJb gaXma O`qgJmZo nwa§Xabm doT>m KmVbm. `m `wÕmMo dU©Z g^mgX ~Iar _Ü`o Ago AmT>iVo.

"Voìhm nwa§Yamdar Zm_OmX bmoH$m§Mm gaXma am{O`mMm _wama~mOr na^w åhUyZ hmoVm. Ë`mO~am~a hOma _mUyg hmoVo. `mIoarO {H$ëë`mMo EH$ hOmao Ago XmoZ hOmao bmoH$ hmoVo. Ë`mV {ZdS> H$ê$Z _wama~mOr `mZo gmVeo _mUyg KoD$Z Vo JS>mImbr {XboaImZmdar Ambo. {XboaImZ VmboXma Omoamda nR>mU nmM hOma `mIoarO ~¡b d¡Jao bmoH$ Eoer \$m¡O JS>mg Mm¡V\$m© MT>V hmoVr. Ë`mV hmoD$Z ga{_gi Omhbo. _moR>o Ymoa§Xa `wÕ Omhbo. _mdio bmoH$m§Zr d Im§gm _wama~mOr `m§Zr {ZXmZ H$ê$Z ^m§S>U Ho$bo. nmMeo nR>mU bîH$a R>ma Omhbo. VgoM ~{hbo _mabo."

_wama~mOr Xoenm§S>o Mo ho em¡`© nmhÿZ {XboaImZ ~mo{bbm,

"Aao Vy H$m¡b Ko. _moR>m _Xm©Zm {enmB© VwO Zmd{OVmo." Eogo ~mo{bVm _wama~mOr ~mo{bbm "VwOm H$m¡b åhUOo H$m`? _r {edmOr _hmamOm§Mm {enmB© VwPm H$m¡b KoVmo H$s H$m`?" åhUmoZ ZrQ> ImZmdar Mm{bbm. ImZmdar VbdarMm dma H$amdm Vmo ImZmZo Amnbo VrZ Vra _mê$Z nwam Ho$bm. Vmo nS>bm. _J ImZmZo Vm|S>mV Am§Jmoir KmVbr, "Agm {enmB© IwXmZo n¡Xm Ho$bm."

ImZmZo dO«JS> Vmã`mV KoVbm Am{U nwa§Xamda h„m Ho$bm d nwa§Xa _mMrMm Vm~m KoVbm. _mMrda ImZmMo Am{U _wama~mOrMo KZKmoa `wÕ Pmbo. _wama~mOr nS>bm Am{U Ë`mM ~amo~a nwa§Xahr nS>bm. ho dV©_mZ Ooìhm amOm§Zm H$ibo Voìhm Ë`m§Zr O`qgJmer VhmMo ~mobUo gwê$ Ho$bo Am{U 11 OyZ 1665 gmbr B{Vhmg à{gÕ 'nwa§XaMm Vh' Pmbm. `mV 23 {H$„o amOm§Zm _moJbm§Zm Úmdo bmJbo. Ë`m§Mr Zmdo Aer,

1. nwa§Xa 2. éÐ_mi qH$dm dO«JS>

3. H$m|T>mUm 4. amohrS>m

5. bmohJS> 6. {dgmnya

7. Vw§J 8. {VH$moZm

9. à~iJS> 10. _mhþbr

11. _Za§OZ 12. H$mohmoO

13. H$Zm©im 14. gmoZJS>

15. nigJS> 16.^§S>maJS>

17. ZaXwJ© 18. _mJ©JS>

19. dg§VJS> 20. Z§JJS>

21. A§H$mobm 22. {IaXwJ© (gmJaJS>)

23. _mZJS>

8 _mM© 1670 _Ü`o {Zimon§V _wOw_XmamZo {H$„m ñdamÁ`mV AmUbm. g§^mOr amOm§À`m _¥Ë`yZ§Va {H$„m Am¡a§JOo~mZo qOH$bm d Ë`mMo Zmd 'AmO_JS>' R>odbo. nwT>o _amR>çm§À`m dVrZo e§H$amOr Zmam`U g{Mdm§Zr _moJbm§er ^m§Sy>Z nwa§Xa KoVbm. eHo$ 1695 _Ü`o N>ÌnVr emhÿ `m§Zr {H$„m noedo `m§g {Xbm. AZoH$ {Xdg {H$ëë`mda noeì`m§Mr amOYmZr hmoVr. eHo$ 1697 _Ü`o J§Jm~mB© noedo `m§Zm JS>mda _wbJm Pmbm, Ë`mMo Zmd gdmB© _mYdamd R>odÊ`mV Ambo. B. g. 1818 _Ü`o B§J«Om§Zr JS> Amnë`m Vmã`mV KoVbm.

JS>mdarb nhmÊ`mgmaIr {R>H$mUo :
nwa§Xa Am{U dO«JS> Oar EH$mM S>m|Jagm|S>oda dgbobo Agbo Var Vo XmoZ ñdV§Ì {H$„o AmhoV.
1. {~Zr XadmOm
nwa§Xa _mMrdarb hm EH$_od XadmOm. AmnU Zmam`Unya JmdmVyZ {H$ëë`mda OmVm§Zm hm XadmOm bmJVmo. XadmOm AmOhr Mm§Jë`m pñWVrV Amho. XadmÁ`mVyZ AmV {eaë`mda nhmaoH$-`m§À`m XodS>çm AmhoV. XadmÁ`mVyZ AmV {eaë`mda g_moaM nwa§XaMm I§XH$S>m Amnbo bj doYyZ KoVmo. XadmÁ`mVyZ AmV {eaë`mda XmoZ añVo bmJVmV, EH$ gai nwT>o OmVmo Va Xwgam S>mdrH$S>o _mJÀ`m ~mOyg diVmo. AmnU gai añË`mZo nwT>o Joë`mda CVmamda bîH$amÀ`m ~amH$s Am{U H$mhr ~§Jbo {XgVmV. _mMrMr EH§$Xa bm§~r EH$ _¡b Amho, Va é§Xr 100 Vo 150 \y$Q> Amho. WmoS>o nwT>o Joë`mda COdrH$S>o ~mbo{H$ëë`mÀ`m nm`Ï`mer EH$ _§{Xa {XgVo Ë`mMo Zmd 'nwa§Xaoœa'.
2. am_oœa _§{Xa
nwa§Xaoœa _§{XamÀ`m _mJrb H$mon-`mV noedo KamÊ`mMo am_oœa _§{Xa Amho. ho noeì`m§Mo ImOJr _§{Xa hmoVo. `m _§{XamÀ`m WmoS>o daVr Joë`mda noeì`m§À`m Xw_Obr dmS>çm§Mo Adeof {XgVmV. noedmB©À`m Ama§^r ~mimOr {dœZmWmZo Vmo ~m§Ybm. `m dmS>çmVM gdmB© _mYdamdm§Mm OÝ_ Pmbm. dmS>çmÀ`m _mJo {dhra Amho. AmOhr Vr Mm§Jë`m AdñWoV Amho. `oWyZ WmoS>o nwT>o Joë`mda XmoZ dmQ>m bmJVmV. EH$ dmQ> ~mbo{H$ëë`mÀ`m {XeoZo da OmVo Va Xwgar Imbr ^¡adqIS>rÀ`m {XeoZo OmVo. AmnU àW_ ~mbo{H$ëë`mÀ`m {XeoZo da OmD$`m. `mdmQ>oZo da Joë`mda 15 {_{ZQ>mVM AmnU {X„r XadmOmnmer nmohMVmo.
3. I§XH$S>m
`m Vrg-`m XadmÁ`mVyZ AmV {eaë`mda S>mdrH$S>o EH$ H$S>m WoQ> nyd}H$S>o Jobobm {XgVmo hmM Vmo I§XH$S>m. `m H$S>çmÀ`m eodQ>r EH$ ~wê$O Amho. ~wê$O nmhÿZ Amë`mda naV Vrg-`m XadmÁ`mnmer `mdo. `oWyZ EH$ dmQ> nwT>o OmVo. dmQ>oVM AmOw~mOybm nmÊ`mMr H$mhr Q>mH$s bmJVmV. WmoS>o nwT>o Joë`mda COdrH$S>o EH$ C§MdQ>m bmJVmo. Ë`mÀ`m _mJo nS>Š`m OmoË`m§Mo Adeof AmhoV. `oWoM A§~aImZm Agë`mMo Adeof {XgVmV. WmoS>o da MTy>Z nm{hë`mg dmS>çmMo Adeof {XgVmV. ho gd© nmhÿZ nwÝhm Amnë`m dmQ>obm bmJmdo. dmQ>odê$Z nwT>o Joë`mda H$mhr nmÊ`mMo hm¡X bmJVmV. `m dmQ>odê$Z nwT>o OmVm§Zm EH$ dmQ> S>mdrH$S>o Imbr Jobr Amho. `m dmQ>odê$Z Imbr Joë`mda Ho$Xma XadmOm bmJVmo. nS>PS>r _wio AmO hm XadmOm dmnamV Zgbm Var nydu `m XadmOmbm \$ma _hÎd hmoVo.
4. nÙmdVr Vio
_wama~mOtÀ`m nwVù`m nmgyZ WmoS>o nwT>o Joë`mda nÙmdVr Vio bmJVo.
5. e|X-`m ~wê$O
nÙmdVr Vù`mÀ`m _mJo ~mbo{H$ëë`mÀ`m dm`ì`og, VQ>~§XrÀ`m ~amo~arZo EH$ ~wê$O ~m§Ybm Amho Ë`mMo Zmd e|X-`m ~wê$O.

g§nyU© JS> {\$aÊ`mg EH$ {Xdg bmJVmo. nwa§Xa gmo~V dO«JS> XoIrb nhm`Mm Agë`mg XrS> {Xdg bmJVmo.

6. nwa§Xaoœa _§{Xa
ho _§{Xa _hmXodmMo Amho. _§{XamV B§ÐmMr gìdm Vo XrS> \y$Q>mn`ªVMr _yVu Amho. ho _§{Xa gmYmaUnUo ho_mS>n§Wr YmQ>UrMo Agmdo. Wmoaë`m ~mOramdmZo `m _§{XamMm OrUm}Õma Ho$bm.
7. {X„r XadmOm
hm CÎmam{^_wI XadmOm Amho. XadmÁ`mÀ`m diUmda lr bú_r _mVoMo Xodmb` Amho. XadmOm ~-`mn¡H$s gwpñWVrV Amho. `m XadmÁ`mVyZ AmV Joë`mda COdr H$S>o AmUIr EH$ XadmOm {XgVmo. S>mdrH$S>Mr dmQ> ~mbo{H$ëë`mÀ`m Xwg-`m Q>moH$mn`ªV OmVo. `m dmQ>oZo nwT>o Joë`mda H$mhr nmÊ`mMr Q>mH$s bmJVmV. `m{edm` `m ^mJmV ~KÊ`mgmaIo H$mhr Zmhr. Amë`m _mJm©Zo {X„r XadmÁ`mnmer `mdo. g_moaM COdr H$S>o AgUm-`m XadmÁ`mZo nwT>o Omdo. `oWyZ nwT>o Joë`mda AmUIr EH$ XadmOm bmJVmo. `m XadmÁ`mda XmoÝhr ~mOyg qghmÀ`m à{VH¥$Vr AmT>iVmV.
8. Ho$Xmaoœa
20 {_{ZQ>mV Ho$Xma XadmOm nmhÿZ AmnU Amnë`m _yi dmQ>obm bmJy eH$Vmo. `mdmQ>oZo 15 {_{ZQ>o MmbyZ Joë`mda H$mhr nm`-`m bmJVmV. Ë`m Amnë`mbm WoQ> Ho$XmaoœamÀ`m _§{Xam n`ªV KoD$Z OmVmV. nwa§XaMo _yi X¡dV åhUOo Ho$Xmaoœa. _§{XamMm OrUm}Õma Ho$bobm Amho. _hm{edamÌrbm hOmamo ^m{dH$ `mÀ`m Xe©Zmbm `oVmV.

_§{XamÀ`m g_moaM EH$ XJS>r Xrn_mi Amho. g^modVr XJS>r \$ag~§Xr Amho. Ho$XmaoœamMo _§{Xa åhUOo {H$ëë`mdarb AË`wƒ ^mJ. `oWyZ amOJS>, VmoaUm, qghJS>, am`aoœa, amohrS>m, _ëhmaJS>, H$-honR>ma hm gd© n[aga {XgVmo. `m Ho$Xma Q>oH$S>rÀ`m _mJo EH$ ~wê$O Amho Ë`mbm H$moH$Ê`m ~wê$O Ago Zmd Amho.
9. nwa§Xa _mMr
Amë`m dmQ>oZo _mKmar {\$ê$Z {X„r XadmÁ`mVyZ OmUm-`m dmQ>oZo WoQ> nwT>o `mdo. åhUOo AmnU _mMrdarb ^¡adqIS>rV OmD$Z nmohMVmo. dmQ>oV dmS>çm§Mo AZoH$ Adeof {XgVmV.
10. ^¡adqIS>
`mM qIS>rVyZ dO«JS>mda OmÊ`mgmR>r dmQ> Amho. qIS>rV {edmOr _hmamOm§Mm nwVim Amho. `m qIS>rn`ªV JmS>r añVm Ambobm Agë`mZo Ë`m añË`mdê$Z MmbV Joë`mda dmQ>oVM COdrH$S>o amOmio Vbmd bmJVmo. gÜ`m nwa§Xa_mMrda `mM VbmdmMo nmUr dmnabo OmVo.
11. dra _wama~mOr
{~ZrXadmOmVyZ AmV {eaë`mda COdrH$S>o Joë`mda g_moaM dra _wama~mOrMm nwVim {XgVmo. B.g. 1970 _Ü`o hm nwVim C^m Ho$bm Amho.
JS>mda OmÊ`mÀ`m dmQ>m :
nwa§Xa {H$ëë`mda OmÊ`mgmR>r XmoZ dmQ>m AmhoV

1. gmgdS>hÿZ
gmgdS>hÿZ gmgdS> - ^moa JmS>r nH$S>mdr. `m JmS>rZo Zmam`Unya JmdmÀ`m nwT>o AgUm-`m 'nwa§Xa KmQ>_mWm' `m Wm§ã`mda CVamdo. hm KmQ>_mWm åhUOo nwa§Xa {H$„m Am{U g_moa AgUm-`m gy`©nd©V `m_Yrb qIS> hmo`. `m Wm§ã`mda CVaë`mda g_moaM S>m|Jamda EH$ XmoZ Kao {XgVmV. `m Kam_mJyZM EH$ nm`dmQ> S>mdrH$S>o da OmVo. hr dmQ> nwT>o JmS>r añË`mbm OmD$Z {_iVo. `m dmQ>oZo nmD$U VmgmV nwa§Xa _mMrdarb {~ZrXadmOm JmR>Vm `oVmo.
2. nwÊ`mhÿZ
nwÊ`mhÿZ 30 {H$._r A§Vamda AgUm-`m gmgdS> `m Jmdr `mdo. gmgdS> Vo Zmam`Unya hr Aer Eg.Q>r godm XoIrb CnbãY Amho. Zmam`Unya ho {H$ëë`mÀ`m nm`Ï`mMo Jmd Amho. JmdmVyZM JmS>r añVm WoQ> {H$ëë`m n`ªV Jobobm Amho. nwUo Vo Zmam`Unya Aer ~g godm XoIrb CnbãY Amho. Zmam`Unya JmdmVyZ JS>mda OmÊ`mg XmoZ _mJ© Amho. EH$ åhUOo JmS>r añVm. `m añË`mZo JS> JmR>Ê`mg 2 Vmg nwaVmV Va Xwgar åhUOo O§JbmVyZ OmUmar nm`dmQ>. `m nm`dmQ>oZo EH$ VmgmV AmnU nwa§Xa _mMrdaÀ`m {~ZrXadmÁ`mnmer nmohMVmo.
amhÊ`mMr gmo` :
{H$ëë`mda {_{bQ>arMo ~§Jbo AmhoV. `m_Ü`o amhÊ`mMr gmo` hmoD$ eH$Vo. _mÌ Ë`mgmR>r VoWo AgUmè`m Ë`m§À`m Am°{\$gaMr nadmZJr KoUo Amdí`H$ Amho.
OodUmMr gmo` :
AmnU ñdV… H$amdr.
nmÊ`mMr gmo` :
~mam_hr {nÊ`mMo nmUr CnbãY Amho.
OmÊ`mgmR>r bmJUmam doi :
nm`Ï`mnmgyZ 1 Vmg.
Pictures: South-western view of Raigarh from Pachad, the base village (above), and remains of buildings in the fort (insert).  The 12-sided two-storey towers (below).